site search by freefind

 

 

   

    The possessive suffix

          Page 1 of 2 

Lecture challenge level

       See also: Possession explained, Be careful, Drills
 



                            
Possession explained



We can only possess nouns and not verbs –

Therefore, the below possessive suffixes can only be attached to nouns.

Possession in Arabic is expressed by adding a suffix to the noun.

ExampleMy shirt is said in just one word  1 amiisi

 Let's do a close up:

  

  قَميصيِ

     1 قَميصـي

 

 Possessive endings

عَقْدي
ana - i   
my contract            

عَقْدِنا
ihna - na
our
contract

عَقْدَك
inta - ak
your
contract (masc.)

عَقْدُكُم
intu or intum - kum
your
contract (plural)

عَقْدِك
inti - ik

your
contract (fem.)

 

عَقْدُه
huwwa - u
his
contract

عَقْدُهُم
humma - hum
their
contract

عَقْدَها
hiyya - ha
her
contract

 

 

 Listen and repeat...

Note:
"amiis" ends in one consonant so you simply slot in the suffix without worrying about helping vowels.

Had
"amiis" ended in two consonants a helping vowel is required.

 Possessive suffixes




قَميصى

 قَميصـي 
2 amiisi  my                 

my shirt



 قَميصُكَ

قَميصـَكْ
3 amiisak  -  your masc.             

your shirt


See remaining conjugations


Be careful

  

Add a helping vowel BEFORE the suffix for the following two cases:


CASE #1: If the noun ends in two consonants – add a vowel.

You can only guess if the helping vowel is an a i or u vowel until you get better at the "sounds" of the language.

Frequently, the helping vowel is similar to any prior vowel in the word.

Example: Let’s say we want to add to the word shoghl (work) the suffix “ha” (her).

  Note: shoghl ENDS in two consonants (غل) and ha BEGINS with a consonant.

Rule recall: You can not have three consonants in a row in Arabic.

 Let's do a close up:


شُغْلـُ+ ها      

شُغْلَها


شغل + ها
10 shoghl + ha    

شُغْلَها
shoghlaha

In the above example the helping vowel a is seen in the transliteration.

"Are you a little bit confused? Let's study together!"

Open a free account at Falooka for support.

  Note: Helping vowels are usually not typed in Arabic text but are pronounced. Don't let this confuse you. You will hear the helping vowel while listening to the audio clip.

  Note: The suffixes “i” (my), “ik” and “ak” (your), and “u” (his) do not need helping vowels.

After all, why would they if they already BEGIN with a vowel.


CASE #2: If the noun ends in a vowel – add another similar vowel before attaching the suffix.


  Example: Let’s say we want to add to the word korsi (meaning “chair”) the suffix “ha” (which means “her”).

Note that
korsi already ENDS in one vowel. So, you need to add ONE MORE VOWEL prior to adding any suffix.

The two vowels now appear in the word like this:
"korsii-ha."

 Let's do a close up:


كرسيُ+ ها كُرْسـيُها  


كُرْسي + ها
11 korsi + ha
كُرْسِـيها  
korsiiha

"Are you a little bit confused? Let's study together!"

Open a free account at Falooka for support.


What is the low-cost Falooka pricing?


 

 


   

  Read more on the possessive suffix                                                     

 
   


<<previous 1  2 next>>

Top   |    Feedback   |    Error?   |     Falooka   |    Colloquial Podcasts   |   Classical Podcasts   |   Grammar Lectures

 
   

   

 

 
     
     
     

  Page copy protected against web site content infringement by Copyscape